For several years now we have been using Attention, unsolicited eye contact, as a tool for drive management. Asking a dog to offer eye contact in order to gain access to the object or activity that trips his trigger, creates a dog that is self disciplined and performs his job thoughtfully and with care. We call this Operant Drive.
Many dogs get very high when working for cookies and clicks. Some go over threshold just from the act of working or opportunity for work. If you’ve worked on teaching a handstand and seen the rabid bucking bronco act, you totally know what I mean…
Eaten Up by Drive
Last week while working Hops on a handstand, he started to go all rabid bucking bronco – snorting, whining, twitching – it was not only hard to work with him, but it was hard to watch. He was getting eaten up by his arousal, and as long as I continued marking and reinforcing, this highly aroused state was going to become the norm making a handstand unlikely, ruining the concept of the handstand, and setting a trend of over aroused-work. It doesn’t take long for that to get away from you.
I think this is fairly common for clicker trainers. I’ve seen it many times, done it myself as well. It’s part of the reason that some seemingly simple behaviors can take months to create. It is responsible for much of the frustration that positive trainers experience. 2 simple steps are all that’s required to avoid this situation.
Knowing is Half the Battle
The first step towards fixing this is realizing that this kind of hyper performance is not healthy and desirable. This is no small task, by the way. It’s really easy to mistake a high rate of reinforcement with manic performance of behaviors. If manic performance of behaviors is the common thread in your shaping sessions, as I’m sure it is for many trainers out there, then your dog is going to get classically conditioned to go over threshold at the mere presence of a clicker making it hard to shape behaviors.
Attention Creates Opportunity
The second step is to put eye contact between each instance of the behavior so it is Attention that creates the opportunity to perform a skill or a cookie. When offered eye contact is the gateway to interaction and is reinforced with action or a cookie, the dog will offer it during work. It will serve to center and ground him and keep him not only focused on the task at hand, but focused on working with you.
With Hops, as soon as I got eye contact offered between reps during our handstand session the crazed bucking Border Jack beast disappeared and I was left with a hard working young man.
Just put eye contact between reps in your shaping sessions and watch your dog settle in for some good honest work. Give it a shot!