One thing that separates the Pros from the soon to be Pros is Throwing With Intent, intending to throw to a Spot is a “go to a place”, or “go to a mat” behavior. This means that the dog seeks out and performs a duration behavior on a spot of the at a particular distance, height and time in order to elicit a jump from your dog. Sounds easy, right?
Well it is easy for some of us. Former football players are well aware of hitting a moving target via the Quarterback/Receiver relationship in their games. Soccer players know where to put it when a teammate “shows for the ball”. Hockey players fully understand how to pass the puck for a one-timer. Basketball players make unbelievable passes on the Fast Break. Baseball players are expert at throwing and often have football experience.
There are some other athletic histories that can serve as foundational understanding of hitting a moving target in stride (Perhaps you’ll leave a comment below to draw attention to them.), but many people just do not have that particular athletic history to draw from and are not familiar with that concept.
You can see this in the game of disc frequently:
Dog is running back to the handler with a disc in their mouth… handler calls the drop, and makes an impossible to catch throw 20 yards behind the dog. The dog stops, looks at the handler as the disc flies off in some uncatchable direction. “Dude! How am I supposed to catch that!”
This phenomena was the genesis of Throwing With Intent, which was fleshed out and developed through the following series of drills that we use in our Discdog Seminars.
Setting the Flank
The first thing we need to do is to get our dog out, away from us, in some direction other than straight out away from us.
Send your dog around and throw a 7-10 yard throw out to the right or left. You may throw 90° degrees or 270°. That’s it.
Once we can successfully set the flank we’re ready to try Directional Feeding is the underlying essence of disc dog freestyle. As a concept, it consists of reading the dog’s line and delivering a well placed disc that elicits a leap.
All we have to do is grab a handful of discs and set the flank. We call the drop shortly after the catch. Then we wait.
As soon as the drop happens, we mark and reinforce with a thrown disc on the line that the dog has chosen. Ideally, we are looking to make a throw that hits our dog in stride and elicits a leap. Now you may or may not be able to do that right off the bat, and that’s OK, it’s one of the main goals of this exercise to teach the handler this skill.
While doing this drill we should also be paying attention to how are dogs are moving. What patterns are they running in? X or O? Do they turn right after a catch or left? Do they tend to drift in one direction or the other – to the handler or away from the handler? Another goal of this exercise is to learn how our dogs move on the Frisbee field.
Working Off the Drop
This drill also is great for teaching our dogs to drop a disc on the fly, something that can be maddening for those with a strong Toss and Fetch Foundation. Many disc dogs have been conditioned to retrieve discs and have problems dropping away from their handler. These dogs understand the game as a game of Fetch, “You throw it, I go get it and bring it back to you.” That’s it.
These dogs will have problems with Directional Feeding. They won’t drop when asked and will wind up dropping right at the handler’s feet, making the task of finding the dog’s chosen line difficult, if not impossible.
If your dog has this problem, just ask for the drop later in the retrieve process when it’s likely to happen. When the drop happens, mark the drop and throw another disc behind you, or off to the side, that the dog can catch. It’s important for the dog to learn that the Drop on Cue makes the next disc happen. It’s also important that they play with multiple targets, as that frees up the idea of dropping a disc to get another one.
Once the dog believes that dropping the disc makes the next one happen, they’ll be spitting the disc out when the drop is cued.
Troubleshooting a drop on the fly with Directional Feeding is a bit beyond the scope of this piece. I’ll do another piece (or a video) on getting a drop on the fly in the future, but will be happy to take some questions in comments below. (see the A Cookie is traditionally thought of as a food treat given as positive reinforcement. In that definition, a cookie is a discrete piece of food reinforcement. In many dog training Process – for an important troubleshooting concept…)
Wrapping Things Up
Setting the Flank means to throw out to your right or left. It’s really simple, just face any direction, send the dog Around, and then turn and throw the disc and Directional Feeding are foundational aspects of playing Disc with your dog. They are required for capitalizing on Discdog [caption id="attachment_27605" align="alignleft" width="300"] Counter Clockwise Working Flank[/caption] Flatwork is the stuff that happens between the catches. How the team moves and transitions, often without the disc, is flatwork. Flatwork to create flow and for creating depth in the game of Freestyle. Building an An Around the World is a disc dog flatwork pattern consisting of 4 catches in a circular pattern around the handler. This pattern is typically larger than 5 yards and, A Zig Zag is a series of catches in smooth succession that forces the dog to move back and forth across the field. Usually performed at a distance of 8-20 or any kind of sequence that happens away from the handler is dependent upon the dog and handler mastering the skills of this drill.
The next step in this series of drills would be Directional Leading, which is where the handler starts to take some ownership of the line the dog strikes after the catch and starts to actively move their dog around the field.