A Pass or Passing is a linear Team Movement maneuver that has the dog running or moving past the handler in close proximity, crossing or breaking the plane of the handler’s body.
Passes can happen front to back, back to front, side to side, etc. Passes and passing maneuvers are any movement where the dog breaks the plane of the handler’s body in linear fashion. This normally happens with distance throws, but many moves can be considered passing maneuvers (vaults, overs, through) as long as the dog moves past the handler in close proximity breaking the plane of the handler’s body.
Passing is a scored Team element of the USDDN organization. The definition in the 2019 Judges Handbook is as follows: