The removal of a A Cookie is traditionally thought of as a food treat given as positive reinforcement. In that definition, a cookie is a discrete piece of food reinforcement. In many dog training discussions, the idea... More to decrease the likelihood of a behavior happening in the future.
Punishment inhibits behavior, it stops it from happening or reduces the likelihood of it happening in the future. The “negative” part of Negative Punishment means you take something of value away to inhibit behavior.
In disc dog freestyle Negative Punishment is a removal of the opportunity to get a disc or to do more work. Taking away the game or taking away "Next" encapsulates the dog's anticipation of a forthcoming reward, sparking motivation and excitement. This expectancy creates a driving force that propels the dog through training, forming a continuous loop of engagement. When "Next"... More for a moment or two is Negative Punishment.
Negative Punishment punishes by taking something away.