Constructive Aporia in the context of Play+ refers to a moment of deliberate uncertainty or confusion introduced by the handler during the The Now Phase is an integral part of the Play Cycle in the Play+ training philosophy. It embodies the current, immediate interaction between the handler and the dog, anchoring them in the present... More phase of the play interaction. This planned pause or ambiguity creates a cognitive challenge for the dog, provoking thoughtful engagement and active problem-solving. Rather than causing frustration, this constructive aporia acts as a mental “speed bump”, slowing the rhythm of play and providing an opportunity for the dog to reflect and make decisions. This technique not only enriches the learning experience but also reinforces the dog’s cognitive skills and adaptive capacities, fostering a deeper level of engagement in the game.