Metaphor and Understanding in Dog Training

I came across this interesting article overAn Over is any leaping catch that happens over top of the handler’s body. Overs are usually named by the part of the body over which the dog flies, i.e - Leg Over, or the position you are in while doing the Over - Seated Over, Spinning Over, etc. Overs should be taught before Vaults.... on Google+:
How Metaphors & Analogies Influence Your Thinking

Metaphors and analogies in general often distort our thinking in hidden ways, by drawing attentionUnsolicited eye contact or Attention is a great way to hook up with a dog. If you have something the dog wants he should give eye contact in order to get access to it. This quickly becomes akin to asking permission for things that the dog wants. If your dog offers Attention when they see something they want, most dog... disproportionately to what fits and obscuring what doesn’t get highlighted in the analogy. As Einstein noted, “we should make things as simple as possible, but not simpler.”  The question is whether some of your favorite metaphors for thinking about complex subjects, such as the economy, leadership, joint ventures, team work, or competition actually offer you flawed or simplistic analogies.

While the article is about politics and economics for the most part, the underlying premise that metaphors shape our understanding and behavior in profound ways is totally applicable to dog training. Check it out, it’s quite interesting.

Metaphors are Powerful Tools

In our business, teaching people to do cool things with dogs, we rely on metaphor all the time to communicate complex ideas.

A metaphor can be tailored to a specific client or a team and can be used to help them succeed with their dog. Sometimes that means just simplifying the situation and placing the focus on the things we need to succeed, and sometimes we try to completely reframe the handler’s understanding.

Epic Reframe

One of my favorites is when you ask someone to stop trying to control their dogs. “Let’s just let the dogThe Dog is a player archetype defined by The Dog. There are always a few canine athletes that really separate themselves from the pack. Many great disc dog teams have relied a great deal on The Dog, and many people build an entire style around that unique, once in a lifetime athlete. Any player archetype who executes should, in theory,... choose to sit, on their own, at the door – no cue…”
“Sit, sit…”
“Great, now this time, don’t cue it.”
“Sit, sit…”

Some people have a real problem with allowing the dog choice — it just doesn’t compute. “Dogs are supposed to do what I tell them,” and that’s that.

I love to flip that conventional wisdom and talk about the dog’s responsibility. “Don’t tell him to do that. It’s his job to make that decision. It’s his responsibility. You can’t be expected to run aroundAn Around, or a Go Around is the traditional disc dog set up move. The dog goes around the handler’s body in a clockwise or counter clockwise fashion allowing dog and handler to develop a sense of timing and team movement. Arounds usually start in front of the handler and have the dog circling close to the handler’s heels.... doing your dog’s job for him. Your job is to tell the dog when he’s right and reinforce it, that’s it.”

At that point, the handler buys in and looks at the situation throughA Through is a set up move where the dog runs between the handler’s legs. The dog can move from front to back or side to side and can even weave. A Through can be done in both the clockwise and counter clockwise directions.... the frame of “dog’s responsibility”, the handler who seemed incapable of waiting for the dog to choose steadfastly and confidently crosses their arms and waits for the dog to do his job. It’s really pretty amazing.

Metaphors are Our Business

A good portion of a dog trainer’s job is crafting, tailoring, and delivering these metaphors to clients to help them navigate the simple and often counter intuitive world of dog training.

Trainers are often made famous with a simple metaphor. Most of our knowledge and understanding has been heavily influenced by simple metaphors:

[icon_list style=”font-size:24px; color:#ffba00; margin-bottom:0;”] [icon_list_item type=”circle”] Food as CookieA Cookie is traditionally thought of as a food treat given as positive reinforcement. In that definition, a cookie is a discrete piece of food reinforcement. In many dog training discussions, the idea of the Cookie is a bit less discrete and encompasses more types of reinforcers than food. The term Cookie is often verbal or metaphorical shorthand for dog...  [/icon_list_item]

[icon_list_item type=”circle”] Reinforcement as Currency [/icon_list_item]

[icon_list_item type=”circle”] Pay the Dog [/icon_list_item]

[icon_list_item type=”circle”] Timeout[/icon_list_item]

[icon_list_item type=”circle”] Dog as Dominator [/icon_list_item]

[icon_list_item type=”circle”] etc…[/icon_list_item] [/icon_list]

Most of what we know as dog trainers and how we talk about training with just about everybody boils down to metaphors as shorthand. As a dog trainer, the key is to make sure that we don’t become overly influenced or blinded by these metaphors. It’s a good idea to shift to another metaphor from time to time if only to gain a different perspective. It’s also important that we deliver this multi-faceted, metaphorical understanding to our clients so they can avoid the pitfalls of oversimplification and have a more flexible and dynamic understanding.

A Quote from the piece:
As Einstein noted, “we should make things as simple as possible, but not simpler.”